We perform Monte Carlo simulations to study the effect of increasing the frequency of observations and data span on the Johansen (J Econ Dyn Control 12(2–3):231– 254, 1988; Likelihood-based inference in cointegrated vector autoregressive models, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995) maximum likelihood cointegration testing approach, as well as on the bootstrap and wild bootstrap implementations of the method developed by Cavaliere et al. (Econometrica 80(4):1721–1740, 2012; Econ Rev 33(5–6):606– 650, 2014). Considering systems with three and four variables, we find that when both the data span and the frequency vary, the power of the tests depend more on the sample length. We illustrate our findings by investigating the existence of long-run equilibrium relationships among four indicators prices of coffee.


  • Georgios Papapanagiotou
  • Jesús Otero
  • Theodore Panagiotidis

Palabras clave:

  • Cofee prices
  • Cointegration
  • Monte Carlo
  • Power
  • Span


  • Proyecto 5
  • Publicación